Diabetes has become prevalent over the years, and it is a disease that has claimed countless lives so far. Most people are familiar with the disease, but it is essential to know more about the disease so that you can know how to prevent it or deal with it. Type 2 diabetes has disastrous effects, and it can be lethal if left untreated. It has become an epidemic in this modern society due to some factors, and this article shows some facts about it

Facts about type 2 diabetes

Incidence rates are on the rise

It is quite mind-boggling how the prevalence of this disease has risen over the past few decades. It is becoming an epidemic because every day, more and more people are being diagnosed with the disease. About 30 years ago, only around 30 million people were diagnosed with the disease globally. Today, approximately 400 million people have type 2 diabetes. This is terrifying because it means that the numbers will keep rising considering the current lifestyle choices.

It decreases life expectancy

Type 2 disease will mostly affect middle age individuals. Younger individuals tend to have Type 1 diabetes, but type 2 will mostly come about as a result of lifestyle choices. That is why it will affect the middle age bracket. However, the average diabetic will have their life expectancy reduced by about ten to fifteen years.

It affects adults in middle age

This is the distinction between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 tends to affect individuals in their middle age because of lifestyle choices. Intake of too much sugar, alcohol, eating processed foods and lack of exercise are all factors that may contribute to the disease. However, another unfortunate fact is that recent studies are showing that the disease is becoming common for young individuals now.

It was one of the earliest diseases to be identified

Despite the belief that it is a recent diagnosis, the disease has been there for a long time now. In fact, ancient Egypt physicians tested sugar levels in urine by the reaction of ants to the urine. They did not know what type 1 or 2 was, but that shows how the disease affected their lives even then.

The insulin hormone was discovered in 1921

Despite the disease being there for thousands of years, the insulin hormone was discovered in 1921. That means it claimed a lot of lives before people fully understanding it. At least now there are self-treatment plans that have helped.